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What You Should Know About Beef Cuts to Buy Wholesale Meat

What are the beef cuts?

Beef cuts make steaks, ribs, hamburger, ground beef, tenderloinWhile separating the various beef cuts expertly can be an art, it's not rocket science.

My favorite online source for beef data is

Here's what they say about beef yield:

Beef Carcass Breakdown

With an average market (live or on hoof) weight of 1,150 lbs and the average yield of 62.2%, the typical steer will produce a 715 lb. (dressed weight) carcass.

The dressed beef (or carcass) will yield approximately 569 lbs. of red meat and trim (take home meat - which includes the average weight of 27 lbs of variety meat: liver, heart, tongue, tripe, sweetbreads and brains) and 146 lbs of fat, bone and loss.  This is roughly a yield of 80% from the dressed or hanging weight - this is for a VERY LEAN Beef.  A High Quality, USDA Choice Beef will yield approximately 70% of the Hanging or Dressed Weight.  The yield on the take home meat weight from the live weight of the (VERY LEAN) steer is approximately 50%.

Here is a further detailed breakdown of the 569 lbs. of take home meat.

Chuck - 209.5 lbs total, which is 29% of the dressed/hanging/carcass weight:

Blade Roasts and Steaks
33.9 lbs.
83.3 lbs.
Arm Pot Roasts and Steaks
35.5 lbs.
Cross Rib Pot Roast
25.4 lbs.
Fat and Bones
31.4 lbs.

Round - 155.8 lbs. total, which is 22% of the dressed/hanging/carcass weight:

Top Round
34.6 lbs.
Bottom Round
31.2 lbs.
16.8 lbs.
7.8 lbs.
Ground Beef
33.4 lbs.
Fat and Bones
32 lbs.

Thin Cuts - 134.6 lbs. total, which is 19% of the dressed/hanging/carcass weight:

Flank Steak
3.6 lbs.
Pastrami Squares
2.9 lbs.
Outside Skirt
2.2 lbs.
Inside skirt
2.5 lbs.
Boneless Brisket
16 lbs.
Ground Beef and Stew Meat
87.3 lbs
Fat and Bone
20.1 lbs.

Short Loin - 115.7 lbs. total, which is 16% of the dressed/hanging/carcass weight:

Porterhouse Steak
19.6 lbs.
T-bone Steak
9.8 lbs.
Strip Steak
15 lbs.
Sirloin Steak
15.3 lbs.
Tenderloin Steak
6.8 lbs.
Ground Beef and Stew Meat
22.7 lbs.
Fat and Bone
26.5 lbs.

 Rib - 66.6 lbs. total, which is 9% of the dressed/hanging/carcass weight:

Rib Roast
23.9 lbs.
Rib Steak
9.2 lbs.
Short Ribs
8.6 lbs.
Ground Beef and Stew Meat
16.5 lbs.
Fat and Bone
8.4 lbs.

Miscellaneous - 32.7 lbs. total, which is 5% of the dressed/hanging/carcass weight:

Kidney and Hanging Tender
4.9 lbs.
Fat, Suet and Cutting Loss
27.8 lbs.